1950s Otwin Parlor Classical Guitar

Please excuse the lighting in the shots -- it'd just begun to storm like wild outside when I finished the work on this guitar -- so we kept it inside.

Otwin appears to have been a brand related or owned by Musima, a big East German instrument company, though some of the guitars (it seems the high-end jazz archtops, anyway) were made by a small-shop luthier. This guitar was probably made around the late 50s and, when it was made, it was very much a throwback instrument as its closest "family resemblance" would be 1890s-1930s German parlors with their thinner-depth bodies and hourglass shape. The woods -- spruce over maple -- are also very "old German" as far as guitars go. This type of guitar is almost always intended to be strung for gut/nylon (which it came with from Germany to the owner), and the neck looks like it might complain, anyhow, if it were strung with steel.

There are interesting design elements with the instrument, too. The bracing is ladder-style and very spare, but below the bridge there are two odd, thin, half-circular braces that presumably stiffen the lower bout. You can visualize them as a sunrise over the endblock in terms of how they sit in the guitar. The other interesting bit is an original "adjustable saddle" piece I'll talk about in a bit.

As I recall, the body is roughly "0" in size with a lower bout of 13-14" or so.

The guitar is in really good shape and I did the needed work while the customer waited. It got a new bone saddle (for which the bridge needed to be modified to accept) and a light setup. Miraculously, I found the neck nice and straight and the frets in good order.

This has a zero-fret and a narrower nut width -- something like 1 11/16" or a hair under -- which makes it a very comfortable chorder/folk guitar compared to your average classical. This is typical with Germanic-style folk-nylon/gut instruments that predate this.

The board is rosewood and you can see that the top is made from some fairly tight-grain spruce.

The bridge is stained maple but quite pretty. The metal mechanism is actually the original saddle and the two set-screws let it slide forwards and backwards to set intonation, presumably. The issue was, however, that it was too low and the owner wanted to give the guitar some more "guts" tone-wise, so I made a new bone saddle for it instead.

The proper compensated point was the leading edge of the bridge, so I got my Dremel out, cut a new slot, cleaned it up with files, and made the saddle to fit. We then put the adjustable saddle back in behind the new saddle to keep the decorative touch with the guitar. The new saddle, of course, is glued-in with a few dots of superglue to keep it from possibly tilting -- though the string tension actually kept it locked in its slot, anyway.

The flamed maple is easy on the eyes, no?


Nicholas Ratnieks said...

These guitars made in Markneukirchen often have great wood and inside the box one can see a neatly finished interior. I have a mystery guitar that I assume was made there and it has such great tone- really nice maple and spruce with a rosewood board- the back is bookmatched. Interestingly, the three dot markers on the board are as we say in England "on the piss" and move to the left as you head up towards the zero fret! At fret 12 the dot is between the two strings and at fret 5, the dot above it is neatly bisected by the D string! The dots are on the piss and the man that cut them in the board may have been as well! Anyway, it's a delightful guitar even if it has been used and abused. Now, it is getting plenty of TLC!

Liesbeth en Karl said...

Otwin (in Schöneck) was actually seperate from Musima (in Markneukirchen), with 12 km in between both workshops. Although Tony Bacon says otherwise, there was no shared production.

Otwin was founded in 1866 by one Franz Otto Windisch (hence Ot-Win) in Schilbach, but moved by his brother Paul Windisch to Schöneck in 1903. The company folded in 1972, after producting some nice archtop guitars and mandolins in the 1950s and 1960s. Musima, which produced a bit more bland instruments, was founded in 1952 and folded in 1992 and again in 1998.

Jake Wildwood said...

Wow -- Thank you BOTH for setting that straight. I'll update the info in the main post at some point, but that's all much appreciated. There's a definite lack of information on this side of the Atlantic.